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A Community Health Needs Assessment (sometimes called a CHNA ), also known as a Community Health Assessment (sometimes called a CHA), refers to a state, tribal, local, or territorial health assessment that identifies key health needs and issues through a systematic and comprehensive process of data collection and analysis.

Benefits of a CHNA as a baseline include

  1. Improved organizational and community coordination and collaboration

  2. Increased knowledge about public health and the interconnectedness of activities

  3. Strengthened partnerships within state and local public health systems

  4. Identified strengths and weaknesses to address in quality improvement efforts

  5. Baselines on performance to use in preparing for accreditation

  6. Benchmarks for public health practice improvements


Listed steps for Assessment and Planning Framework (CDC)

  1. Organize and Plan 

  2. Engage the community

  3. Develop a goal or vision

  4. Conduct community health assessments 

  5. Prioritize health issues (dependent on CHNA)

  6. Develop community health improvement plan (should be specific and take into consideration the findings of the CHNA(s))

  7. Implement and monitor plan 

  8. Evaluate processes and outcomes 

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